“Twitter Trial” in Izmir

Coming in the context of repeated efforts by the Turkish government to block social media outlets, the next hearing of the Izmir “Twitter Trial” is receiving international attention.  The case involves 29 men and women on trial Twitter messages they sent during the Gezi Protests last June.  

101531408-480649813.530x298 Continue reading

Posted in Amnesty International, Freedom of Assembly, Freedom of Expression, Gezi Park, Internet Freedom, Taksim, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

The frustrating road to justice in the Sarısülük case

Ethem Sarısülük

Ethem Sarısülük

The case of Ethem Sarısülük, killed by a policeman’s bullet during the Gezi protests, has been one of on-going concern for Amnesty International.  Yesterday,  the trial had its fourth, inconclusive hearing and Amnesty was there to follow the case. Continue reading

Posted in Excessive Force, Freedom of Expression, Turkey, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Twitter ban lifted, but the dangers remain

Using hashtags like #TekrarHoşgeldinTwitter (welcome back Twitter), the news that the Turkish government had finally lifted the ban on twitter came across my desktop this afternoon.

Twitter is no longer banned in Turkey

Twitter is no longer banned in Turkey

I don’t think I was the only one who sighed in relief.  Though the government response was slow, coming some twenty-four hours after the Turkish Supreme Court had issued its decision, this was an important victory for freedom of expression and the rule of law in Turkey. 

Still, as one colleague noted, it took not one, but two court orders to finally end the banWhen a lower court ruled against the ban, the government chose to drag its feet, ensuring that twitter was not freely accessible during the important municipal elections this past Sunday (though many tech-savvy Turks were able to work around the ban).

Moreover, as Andrew Gardner, Amnesty International’s researcher on Turkey notes, the government’s attack on twitter is part of a larger effort to control social mediaContinue reading

Posted in Amnesty International, Freedom of Expression, Press Freedom, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , , , ,

More internet censorship in Turkey

101531408-480649813.530x298

A few days ago it was twitter.  Today Turkey has blocked Youtube.  As Amnesty’s researcher on Turkey, Andrew Gardner, says, “The Turkish government appears to be itching for pretexts to close down websites because of their capacity to mobilize dissenting opinion and broadcast embarrassing material.”

Amnesty International has called on the total ban to be lifted, noting

Even if the Turkish authorities have legitimate concerns about some of the content that might appear, it is completely disproportionate to enforce a blanket YouTube ban in the entire country. Access to YouTube must be restored immediately and the authorities must stop blocking sites that expose abuses and provide a platform for dissenting views.

 

 

Posted in Freedom of Expression, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , ,

Amnesty’s twitter action against Turkey’s twitter ban

Amnesty International issued a press statement today condemning the Turkish government’s ban on twitter:

The Turkish government attacked social media companies and users, with the Prime Minister referring to Twitter as “a scourge”. The attacks formed part of a broader policy to silence and smear those speaking out against the government’s crackdown on the protest movement, including doctors, lawyers and journalists.

Amnesty International has also called for a twitter action to protest the ban.   Below are some suggested tweets:

.@RT_Erdogan ‘Eradicate’ attack on internet freedom, not Twitter. Unblock Twitter in Turkey! #TwitterisblockedinTurkey #internetimedokunm

.@RT_Erdogan Asıl ‘bela’ Türkiye’de internet özgürlüğünü engellemektir! Twitter yasağı kalksın! http://bit.ly/1ilGUgu #internetimedokunma

Posted in Freedom of Expression, Press Freedom, Turkey, Uncategorized | Tagged ,

A late night attack on internet freedom

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan was as good as his word.  According to Reuters, he told a friendly crowd at a rally in Bursa earlier today:

“Twitter, mwitter!,” Erdogan told thousands of supporters at a rally in the northwestern province of Bursa, in a phrase translating roughly as “Twitter, schmitter!”.

“We will wipe out all of these [presumably referring to social media, which he has attacked broadly in the past few weeks],” he said.

“The international community can say this, can say that. I don’t care at all. Everyone will see how powerful the Republic of Turkey is.”

Recep_Tayyip_ErdoganNot long after midnight, the Turkish government blocked access to twitter for millions of users in Turkey. (Advice on by-passing the ban began to be distributed by angry Turkish internet users minutes later).

Writing from Turkey, Andrew Gardner, Amnesty International’s researcher on Turkey described the move as ” a desperate and futile measure, the latest move in the AKP’s clampdown on freedom of expression.”

Indeed, this ban is the latest in a long series of attacks on freedom of expression in Turkey that have only accelerated since the Gezi protests this past June.  Now, with local elections only weeks away and a series of leaks aimed at embarrassing the ruling AKP, the Turkish government seems to be searching for any means to control public discourse.

Peaceful protests have been brutally suppressed and critical journalists have been regularly targeted.  This latest assault on freedom of expression is simply another salvo in a broad scale attack on the basic right to freedom of expression in Turkey.

Howard Eissenstat
St. Lawrence University

Posted in Amnesty International, Freedom of Expression, Press Freedom, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Ali Ismail would have been Twenty today

Ali Ismail Korkmaz would have been twenty today.  Instead, he was brutally beaten to death last June during the Gezi protests. There is substantial evidence of police involvement in his murder and in a police cover up after the fact. Click here for an Amnesty blog on the campaign for justice in his case.

10007406_674138659311649_1154933080_n

Posted in Excessive Force, Freedom of Expression, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , , ,

The Trail of Impunity: Roboski and Okmeydani

The protests which have shaken Turkey in the aftermath of Berkin Elvan’s death at age fifteen have generated many shocking images.  Grainy photographs from protests in Roboski/Qileban, however, struck a particular nerve with me because they highlight the extent to which Berkin’s death is one tragedy in a long series of tragedies, one case of impunity in a country where security forces have no expectation that they will be held to account for their abuses.

March in Roboski for Berkin

March in Roboski for Berkin

Continue reading

Posted in Amnesty International, Excessive Force, Kurds, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

PEN Report on Freedom of Expression after Gezi

PENPen International issued a report this week calling attention to escalating restrictions on journalists and writers in Turkey, particularly after the crackdown on the Gezi Protests last June.

The excessive use of police force, as well as widespread media censorship and reprisals against journalists and users of social media, starkly illustrated the shortcomings of Turkish democracy in its lack of pluralism and disregard for fundamental rights and freedoms.

PEN’s recommendations include:

  • Investigate all violations of the right to freedom of expression and assembly committed by state officials and bring anyone responsible for abuses to justice
  • Ensure that violations of the right to life are not met with impunity
  • Carry out an independent inquiry into the failure of the police to protect journalists adequately
  • Decriminalise defamation as a matter of urgency and dismiss cases brought against critics of the prime minister
  • Overturn the regime of online censorship and surveillance initiated by the new internet law

Links to the report, in English and in Turkish can be found here.

Posted in Excessive Force, Freedom of Expression, Press Freedom, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Neither apology nor call for justice

Many observers wondered how Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan would respond to the death of Berkin Elvan.  Berkin Elvan was a fourteen year old boy who was struck in the head by a policeman’s tear gas canister last June.  He lay in a coma for nine months before he finally passed away earlier this week.   Because he was out to fetch his family bread when he was struck, a loaf of bread has become a symbol of mourning in Turkey, a signal of innocence betrayed and justice denied.

berkin

Would Erdogan do as many politicians across the political spectrum have done and wish the Elvan’s family condolences?  Would he do as the family an others had hoped and help jump start a highly flawed investigation?  Would there be a call for justice?  Or at least compassion for an child whose life has been cut short by those very people sworn to protect him?

Erdogan’s response, sadly, echoes that which he employed during the Gezi protests.  He has doubled down on wild claims and worked to rally his base.  “Don’t be fooled,” he told a sympathetic crowd earlier today.  Instead, according to press accounts:

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Friday a teenage boy who died from injuries sustained during anti-government protests last year, was a thug with links to a “terrorist organisation”.

“His family claims he was out to buy bread, but no such thing.”

When facts can be changed to suit one’s own views, when children are labeled terrorists by their own leaders, what hope is there for justice?

Howard Eissenstat
St. Lawrence University

Posted in Excessive Force, Freedom of Expression, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,